Let’s continue talking about how to give instructions applying “vos” in the Spanish language. In a preceding lesson, I showed you how to use the command kind or very important form of “vos.” I also stated that soon after hours and hrs of study I did not find a solitary internet internet site that gave the rules and exceptions of how to give commands in Spanish utilizing “vos.”
And I also talked about that the guidelines that I am sharing with you are from what I have learned from individual practical experience. And that just after inquiring numerous higher education educated mates in Medellín, who have analyzed many foreign languages, not a person was ready to articulate the grammatical guidelines of providing instructions with “vos” simply because “vos” is not taught in faculties any far more than how-to-converse-slang is taught in faculty.
It is a little something you just occur to find out how to use effectively from the time you are boy or girl just from becoming born in a country or location in which “vos” is used.
So the only way I could establish the grammatical rules (and exceptions to the regulations) to giving commands with “vos” was by shelling out months and months in Medellín, Colombia, and normally becoming geared up with a “lapicero y libreta en mi bolsillo,” (pen and pad in my pocket) and listening to Paisas (the ‘gente’ or people of Medellín), and asking them plenty of issues
these kinds of as:
How do you give commands with the verbs “competir,” “hervir,” “gemir,” “preferir,” “morir,” “sugerir,” and other stem modifying “ir” verbs until I recognized a sample. And that “pattern” is what I contact the grammatical rules, and exceptions to the guidelines, of providing instructions with “vos.”
But right before I give you some examples of how to give commands with vos employing stem transforming “ir” verbsand “irregular” verbs, I want to remind you of the two policies that I gave in my final e-mail about utilizing “vos” with instructions:
Regla Número Uno: El imperativo de vos nunca tiene cambios en las raíces de los verbos a menos que sean verbos con raíces cambiadas y “ir” en negativo. That is, the vital of “vos” never has alterations in the stem of a verb until the verb is a stem altering “ir” verb AND you are working with it in the unfavorable.
Regla Número Dos. El negativo es igual que el negativo de tú pero con accento en la última síliba. That is, the the negative is the exact same as the damaging of “tú” but with an accent on the final syllable. But don’t neglect the exception to this “regla” or rule that I listed beneath “Regla Número Uno” that pertains to negative commandsusing stem modifying “ir” verbs.
So now allow me show you how to use “vos” with stem shifting “ir” verbs. If you received on your own a copy of the Verbarrator computer software, then you already know that in the present tense, stem-switching verbs ending in “ir” are grouped in one particular of 3 patterns based mostly on the modify in the stem vowel:
e to ie
o to ue
e to i
But that is NOT the very same transform that can take area with stem changing “ir” verbs when supplying commands with “vos” — in the adverse.
When offering adverse instructions with “vos,” stem altering “ir” verbs make these improvements:
o to u
e to i
Permit me give you some examples of commands with “vos” using stem-changing “ir” verbs:
competir – competí (compete) – no compitás (do not contend)
hervir – herví (boil) – no hirvás (you should not boil)
gemir – gemí (moan) – no gimás (really don’t moan)
preferir – preferí (prerfer) – no prefirás (you should not prerfer)
morir – morí (die) – no murás (will not die)
sugerir – sugerí (suggest) – no sugirás (will not propose)
Now permit me give you some illustrations of instructions with “vos” working with irregular verbs:
ser – sé (be) – seás (you should not be)
decir – decí (say) – no digás (do not say)
tener – tené (have) – no tengás (do not have)
So that is what I have found about supplying instructions with “vos” with stem-altering “ir” verbs and irregular verbs. Like I reported, you won’t come across this in a Spanish grammar reserve on any website web site. It is what I have uncovered from months and months of analysis and deduction, using a lot of notes, and asking loads of concerns.